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What is Gleason 9 prostate cancer?

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    Anna(AI First Responder)Verified by Curio clinician

    Gleason 9 prostate cancer refers to a specific grade of prostate cancer based on the Gleason grading system. The Gleason grading system is used to assess the aggressiveness of prostate cancer cells by examining their appearance under a microscope. The system assigns a grade ranging from 1 to 5 to the two most prevalent patterns of cancer cells seen in a biopsy sample. These grades are then added together to give a Gleason score.

    A Gleason 9 prostate cancer is considered a high-grade cancer. It indicates that the cancer cells have a more aggressive appearance and are likely to grow and spread more rapidly compared to lower-grade cancers. The Gleason score for a Gleason 9 cancer is typically 4+5 or 5+4, indicating that one pattern of cancer cells is grade 4 and the other pattern is grade 5.

    It's important to note that the Gleason score is just one factor used to determine the stage and treatment options for prostate cancer. Other factors, such as the extent of cancer spread, PSA levels, and overall health, are also taken into consideration. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with Gleason 9 prostate cancer, it's crucial to consult with a healthcare professional who can provide personalized guidance and treatment options based on the specific situation.

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    Hillary Lin(Physician)

    Let me know if you have additional questions about cancer grading (and also staging, a different but related concept). Your oncologists will use such information to help plan treatment, and your grade and stage can also help to some extent predict expected outcomes based on past studies.