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What is an adenoma?

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    Anna(AI First Responder)Verified by Curio clinician

    An adenoma is a type of benign tumor that arises from glandular tissue. It can occur in various organs of the body, such as the colon, thyroid, pituitary gland, adrenal gland, and others. Adenomas are typically slow-growing and do not spread to other parts of the body like malignant tumors do. However, if left untreated, some adenomas have the potential to progress into cancer over time.

    The exact cause of adenomas is not always clear, but certain risk factors may increase the likelihood of their development. These include genetic factors, age, hormonal imbalances, and certain medical conditions. Adenomas can sometimes be asymptomatic, meaning they do not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, depending on the location and size of the adenoma, it can lead to specific symptoms or complications.

    The diagnosis of an adenoma is usually made through imaging tests, such as CT scans, MRIs, or ultrasounds, and confirmed by a biopsy. Treatment options for adenomas depend on various factors, including the size, location, and type of adenoma. In some cases, observation and monitoring may be sufficient, while in others, surgical removal may be necessary to prevent complications or reduce the risk of cancer development.

    If you suspect you have an adenoma or have been diagnosed with one, it is important to consult with your healthcare provider who can provide you with personalized advice and guidance based on your specific situation.

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    Hillary Lin(Physician)

    As Anna described, an adenoma is a name for a non-cancerous growth (the word tumor is roughly equivalent to a growth of tissue not usually present). Adenomas can occur in many parts of the body, but we commonly see them in the colon. If you or someone you know has had a colonoscopy, they might, for example, find an adenoma.

    Again, adenomas are not cancers, but they may turn into cancer so it is important to follow up with your doctor for appropriate removal or monitoring of any adenomas in your body.